This website was put together as part of a project under the National Commission for Culture and the Arts.


Mathematical Symmetries

This work contributes to a growing body of literature that uses symmetry analysis to enhance interpretation of a culture from styles of its artifacts, by looking at patterns in fabric in the Philippines. It studies the depth of mathematics present among these works of art from the various Philippine indigenous groups. Material gathered from books, visits to museums and interviews with weavers were put together to obtain a sample of patterns representative of various communities that showcase different symmetry structure.


Educational Implications

The Department of Education has emphasized the importance of cultural exchange and of valuing indigenous culture in education. Indeed, there is much indigenous knowledge which has not been formally been integrated in the curricula. This project aims to address this concern by providing mathematics activities for grades K-10 that are aligned with Department of Education competencies while at the same time are rooted in Philippine indigenous art.



Project Team

Main Proponent

Ma. Louise Antonette N. De Las PeƱas, PhD

Professor, Ateneo de Manila University



Agnes D. Garciano, PhD

Assistant Professor, Ateneo de Manila University

Debbie Marie B. Verzosa, PhD

Assistant Professor, Ateneo de Manila University/Ateneo de Davao University


Technical Assistant

Hanz Martin C. Cheng

Instructor, Ateneo de Manila University